state of alabama

Alabama, the Heart of Dixie

The Space Flight Center at Huntsville and the South’s largest steel center at Birmingham show how far the “Cotton State” has come in the Twentieth century. Alabama was given that name over 100 years ago, when cotton was its major source of income; destruction by the boll weevil, and C. W. Carver’s experiments with crop rotation led farmers to turn to other crops (corn, peanuts, soybeans), and during these years, the iron and steel industry grew around Birmingham, which has become the “Pittsburgh of the South. »

state of alabama

Alabama’s natural wealth provided a valuable base for its industrial growth: the northern section is one of the few areas of the world that has the three principal materials needed to make steel-coal, limestone, and iron ore. Dams on Alabama’s rivers-some operated by the Tennessee Valley Authority-provide power for metal-processing plants and textile mills. And the State,s forests support lumber and paper industries.

state of alabama

Alabama is made up of land that once belonged to France, Britain ‘and Spain–and the Creek Nation. ()ne of the Civilized Tribes, the Creeks were forcibly moved from their tribal lands to the West in the 1830’s, in violation of formal treaties with the Federal Government. It is ironic that appeals by Creek chieftains to President Jackson were of no avail, for he had first gained national prominence years before when, aided by these friendly Creeks, he had defeated warring anti-American Creeks at Horseshoe Bend.

state of alabama

“The Heart of Dixie” played a key role in the Civil War. The Confederacy was established, and Jefferson Davis was inaugurated president, at Montgomery, the Confederate capital from February to May 1861. The only major conflict in the State was the battle of Mobile Bay in 1864, which closed the last Confederate port open to shipping.

state of alabama

Alabama today offers a heritage from the past-prehistoric mounds, over 2,000 ante-bellum mansions, and battle-scarred Ft. Morgan on Mobile Bay; a moderate climate; and such annual attractions as Mobile’s Mardi Gras and its dazzling 35-mile Azalea Trail.

It’s all about the 50 States of America.