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Alaska, Land of the Midnight Sun

The largest, coldest, most northerly State, Alaska is the only U.S. territory that once belonged to Russia, and it is by far the closest to Russia: only 55 miles separates the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. at the Bering Strait. One-fifth the size of the nation it joined in 1959, Alaska brought to the Union a new frontier with unexplored tracts of Wilderness, glaciers, vol- canoes, and extensive mountain ranges including the highest peak in North America, Mt. McKinley (20,320 Ft.). It is the only State with Eskimos, tundra, walrus, ptarmigan, and polar bears.

state of alaska

About one-quarter of Alaska’s people are natives-Eskimo in the north; Athabascan in the interior; and Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian in the south. The Tlingits are famous for their carved totem poles. Alaska grew up with the airplane, and flying is the chief means of transportation. Alaska has more private planes and pilots, per capita, than any other State, and jet service links it with Seattle and Chicago, as well as the Orient.

state of alaska

Alaska has vast natural resources: the Russians found valuable furs, and men of many nations made fortunes from silver, gold, platinum, copper and timber. Alaska has the largest coal reserves of any State. The famous Gold Rush of 1897 was surpassed by the Oil Rush of 1957, and today Alaska’s fish -salmon, King crab, shrimp, and halibut-are one of its richest resources. Its big game-bear, moose and caribou-and its untouched natural beauty attract many visitors. Alaska has over three million lakes. Half of Alaska’s population is concentrated in the Seward-Anchorage-Fairbanks region, which is served by the railroad. The potential resources of remote regions are still being assessed. Alaska is the nation’s newest and last frontier.

state of alaska

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