california

California, The Golden State

The fastest growing State, California has been the goal for many Americans since the Cold Rush, which in 1849 brought approximately 80,000 to the Territory. Ever since, the people have been coming: after 1870 the transcontinental railroads made it easier; in the 19205 the migration by automobile began. In the 19305, families came from the Oklahoma Dust Bowl, so graphically depicted in Grapes of Wrath; and, since then, the rate of migration has soared as more and more people have come to work in industry, to farm, and to retire.

california

California combines a richness of resources, terrain and climate with vast agricultural enterprises, a variety of industries, a 1200 mile coastline, and several fine ports to form the Empire State of the West. Its exceptional natural assets include the snow-topped Sierra Nevada, fertile valleys, giant sequoia redwoods, the Mojave and Colorado deserts, San Francisco Bay and, beneath its surface, gold, silver, iron, and oil. National forests cover one fifth of the State. California seems to have everything except water, but, through irrigation, it has become the leading U.S. grower of fruits and vegetables and the nation’s prime producer of Wines.

california

The early history of California is reflected in the twenty surviving Spanish missions and in place names like San Francisco and San Diego. When the thinly settled territory struggled to be free from Spain and Mexico, it weathered a few uncertain days as an independent republic and, with the end of the Mexican War, joined the U.S. Since then, California’s growth has been continuous and rapid. From 1940 to 1960, its population more than doubled.

california

Now the most populous State, California continues to be the land of plenty: in the south-Hollywood, Mt. Palomar (largest reflector telescope), citrus groves, and a growing electronics and aviation center; in the north-extensive orchards, beef and dairy ranches, and one of the world’s great ports. And, throughout the State, scenic splendor of every description, some of the reasons that Americans have continued to stream over the mountains to find the Golden State.

california

It’s all about the 50 States of America.