state of delaware

Delaware, the First State

Every four years, representatives of « The First State” lead the President’s inaugural parade in Washington, for Delaware was the first of the colonies to ratify the Federal Constitution. And it was one of Delaware’s sons – Caesar Rodney – who, in 1776, rode from Dover to Philadelphia to cast the deciding vote in favor of Lee’s resolution to declare independence.

state of delaware

The only State whose territory once belonged to Sweden and Holland, Delaware was carved from the giant peninsula that forms Chesapeake Bay. After the English defeated the Dutch, the Duke of York granted the land to William Penn, but Lord Baltimore claimed it as part of Maryland. The dispute was settled only with the establishment of Delaware as a separate State in 1776.

Four thousand men from Delaware fought in the Revolution, but only one small battle (Cooch’s Bridge, which the British won) was fought on her soil. British forces also took Wilmington, the capital – which was then moved to Dover.

state of delaware

Although the second smallest State, Delaware has a central location on the eastern seaboard that has fostered the growth of poultry and dairy farms, orchards (apples, peaches) and truck farms, as well as chemical (paints, dyes) and textile (orlon, nylon) industries. The State’s favorable tax laws have made it the home of over 44,000 corporations.

In colonial days, the abundance of water power in the north brought mills, and the river and the bay brought shipping and ship building. The State`s long coastline permitted development of sport and commercial fishing (oysters, sea trout, crabs); its ocean beaches became popular resorts (Bethany and Rehoboth).

state of delaware

Farms dominate the central and southern sections of Delaware. The industrial and commercial center of the State is Wilmington, one of the chief chemical manufacturing and research centers of the world.

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